Let’s fight against antibiotic resistance together

antibiotic resistance
Antibiotic resistance is the case where the bacteria are not dead and can cause disease even if the appropriate antibiotic is used. The most important reason is the use of unnecessary and inappropriate antibiotics. While resistance to some antibiotics is naturally present, resistance to others is caused by mutations in bacteria. As the use of antibiotics increases, the resistance problem also naturally increases. If precautions are not taken and antibiotic use continues at this rate, it may be possible to return to pre-antibiotic age, where a simple infection may be lethal due to resistance. However, it is possible to reduce resistance rates by avoiding the use of unnecessary antibiotics and, if necessary, by producing rational policies.  

In the countries that have achieved this, the decline of resistance rates is promising. The most important role in the rational use of antibiotics is belong to doctors, dentists, veterinarians and medical staff working in hospitals. Awareness about this issue should be created among the public. When the antibiotic usage habits of public and antibiotic prescribing behaviors of doctors were examined, it was observed that the most common inappropriate use of antibiotics was in upper respiratory  infections (URI). People must know theese simmple informations about the antibiotic use:

1. Antibiotics do not work for flu. They are only for bacterial infections. 
2. They do not shorten the process of healing with flu.
3. They do not prevent viruses from spreading to other people. 
4. Inappropriate use  of antibiotics only leads to resistance of the bacteria. When bacteria gain resistance, they no longer work when antibiotics are really needed.
5. They also cause many side effects such as diarrhea.
People also should pay attention to theese principles. Consult your doctor before using antibiotics. Antibiotics should be taken at the recommended doses and times. Antibiotics should not be discontinued because the patient feels better. Otherwise, some bacteria can stay alive and the disease may recur. Increased antibiotics should be discarded because they may not be suitable for the next disease and may have passed the expiration date. Do not use antibiotics prescribed for someone else.
As a result of inappropriate use of antibiotics by humankind, nowadays patients can be colonized or infected with bacteria such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE), and multiresistant gram-negative bacilli. Inappropriate antibiotic use is also. associated with an increased incidence of Clostridium difficile infections. Infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria result in increased patient morbidity and mortality and prolonged hospitalization. Infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria reduce the likelihood of empirical antibiotic treatment and delay the appropriate antibiotic treatment. The possibilities of  new antibiotic production with more effectiveness and different mechanisms of action are currently limited, so there is a high probability that no antibiotics will be effective if the  increase of antibiotic resistance  continues.
Increasing resistance is not only a threat to the results of bacterial infection treatments but also poses a serious risk for the success of colon surgery, organ transplantation, hip prosthesis and many minimally invasive diagnostic procedures which should be done with antibiotic prophylaxis. It is reported that 25,000 people per year die due to resistant bacterial infections in member countries of the European Union, Iceland and Norway, and the damage it gives to the economy costs 1.5 billion Euros.
At the end of my writing, I would like to ask you a favor. For the goodness of you, your family, and the the whole world, please do not use antibiotics without consulting your doctor. 

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